Very clearly marked trails by posts with colors and numbers. Views of the Chapman Mill Ruins, Home and Dawson's Cemetary. There is... more » also historical significance of the area.
Chapman's Mill was built in 1742 by Jonathan and Nathaniel Chapman, a father/son partnership from an enterprising, well-connected colonial family. enlarged in 1758, the mill became a prosperous gristmill that fostered the development of the Shenandoah Valley as a wheat and corn producing region for the next one hundred years. Due to the mill's location between the Valley and the city of Alexandria, corn and wheat could be transported efficiently by wagon to the mill, ground into cornmeal and wheat, and then shipped from Alexandria to ever-expanding markets in Eurpoe and South America.
In 1759 Fauquier County was created from old Prince William County, and the related documents noted that the boundary between the two counties passed through the mill, as it does today. The prosperity of the mill was enhanced when, in 1852, the Manassas Gap Railroad was complted, passing beside the mill and reducing the travel time to Alexandria. In 1858 the Chapmans enlarged the mill, raising it to a total of seven stories and making it a model of agricultural technology. Chapman's Mill has ground cornmeal and flour for American troops during seven wars: The French and Indian, the Revolutionary, the War of 1812, the Cival War, the Spanish-American War, and the World War I and World War II.
The Chapmin's Mill grounds contain the archaeological remains of an earlier mill, a family farmhouse, the family graveyard, and several outbuildings. The building is a massive five and a half stories constructed of locally-quarried stone.
On Oct. 22, 1998, Beverley Mill was tragically vandalized and gutted by fire. Soon afterward, the Turn The Mill Around Campaign, a 501(c)(3) tax exempt foundation, obtained ownership of the property and began the steps necessary to stabilize the walls of the mill. The goals of this non-profit organization include preserving the structure of the mill; restoring the wheel and the open mill race; providing public access; developing interpretive programs on the significance of the mill and Thoroughfare Gap; and raising the funds needed to carry out these goals.
In Spring 2010, the following was written in the Chapman/Beverley Mill News Newsletter:
Message from the President--Greetings to our stalwart supporters of the project to stabilize the Chapman/Beverley Mill and to open those grounds to the public. I am pleased to report that the Mill is now secured and open on a limited basis each weekend.
Chapman’s/Beverley Mill opened its gates to the public on the weekend of August 15 and 16th and continues to do so every weekend. Volunteers are opening the gates at 9 AM and closing them at 5 PM on both Saturday and Sunday. Visitors may pick up a brochure at the old stone mill store and use it as a self-directed guide of the mill and the eastern side of the property.