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Amphitheatre of Serdica

ul.Budapeshta 2 | Arena di Serdica Residence Hotel, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria
+359 2 810 7901
Review Highlights

A real must-see in Sofia! It is centrally located, and lovely to walk around. The maps and... read more

Reviewed 2 weeks ago
Hidden gem

Realy interesting place to visit.I've got impression that not lot tourists visit it,or even know... read more

Reviewed 2 weeks ago
Mehmed O
Ankara, Turkey
Read all 293 reviews
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In the past Serdica was the capital of the eastern province of Dacia Mediterranea - part of the Great Roman Empire. It was an important commercial and political centre, large and well developed city, built in a Roman style with large stone streets, a forum, beautiful temples and impressive buildings with magnificent decorations.In 2004 during the construction works in the city center of Sofia unexpectedly came across a part of a Roman wall. Archaeological excavations immediately started – thus the Amphitheatre of Serdica (Amphiteatrum Serdicense) was discovered! This is a monumental public building with an elliptical layout and an arena in the middle, elliptically surrounded by the tiered seats for the spectators. The great number of coins and pottery discovered enabled the researchers to identify two periods in III-IV century. During the research on the site it became evident that about 5 meters under the amphitheatre there is a theatre, built in II-III century, i.e. 100 years earlier. A unique complex combining ancient amphitheatre and theatre was discovered. These are the largest buildings from the age of ancient Serdica, evidencing its heyday during the centuries. The finding was declared unique and the discovery - unmatched in the world!The Arena of Serdica is 60.5 m long and 43 m wide. However, the Amphitheatre of Serdica is the only one in the world, combining a Roman theatre and a late antique amphitheatre in one place and the only such public building in the Balkans. This makes the site truly unique and the discovery - sensational. It is a fact that no other capital or even city in the world can boast a theatre and amphitheatre together and located in its very centre. Its construction began during the reign of the Emperor Diocletian and was completed by the Emperor Constantine the Great.Interesting Facts:- The first evidence for the existence of an amphitheatre with arena for fights is a stone plate found in 1919 near the present-day building of the Council of Ministers. It is assumed that it served as an “advertising banner” at the entrance of the ancient Serdica. Nowadays it is preserved and is on display in the Archaeological Museum in Sofia.- The plate reveals images of lions, tigers, bulls, crocodiles, which took part in combat with Gladiators. The Christians persecuted at this time were thrown to the wild beasts for the amusement of the spectators. The excavations revealed teeth of bear.- The amphitheatre was located outside the fortress walls of the ancient town and now it is located in the centre of Sofia.- Its walls have been preserved in their actual form and the combat arena is covered with sand as it was in the past. The origin of the word “arena” is from the Latin word for sand “harena”. The sand was selected as the most suitable material to absorb the blood of the victims.- When standing in the ruins of the amphitheatre and looking up at the street level, it becomes evident how ages and nature have deposited a new layer of about 12 m between the town of Serdika from III century and the modern city.- The walls of the amphitheatre and the sectors with seats were about 5 floors high and correspond to the level of the nowadays Moskovska Street. About 25,000 spectators gathered on the site. Its opposite end is found to be near the Youth Theatre on Dondukov Blvd.- 7 stone seats for spectators are preserved and placed in their original locations.- Here the dressing rooms of the actors involved in theatrical performances can be seen, as well as the entrance of the east gate, where the chariots passed during the gladiatorial combat.- Clad in metal and leather, people from all over the empire used to die or gain their freedom on the arena.Besides the metallic clink of weapons, the ruins remembered recitations of poets and orators, virtuoso performances of musicians and actors, exalted cheers of spectators.- Clay tiles still bear the footprints of animals - goats, dogs, cats, immortalized their traces in the uncured slabs of the ancient builders.A dwelling and a furnace dated V-VI century and a well dated IV-V century were also discovered.Superstructures built during the age of the Ottoman Empire were found, as well as coins and pottery from this period. Legends about the Emperor Diocletian – the creator of the Amphitheatre of Serdica - Diocletian was characterized with his lust for power, serious and pensive look, as if contemplating great deals. It had been predicted that he would reach the supreme power after killing a boar, so he repeatedly went hunting. - When seized power, Diocletian reserved for himself the eastern empire and the position of senior co-emperor. He took the name Jovius – from the name of god Jove, Jupiter. - Diocletian first introduced as mandatory the complex royal ceremonies followed by almost all the emperors after him, aimed at enhancing the power and limiting the access to the autocrats deified while still alive. - After the solemn abdication of Diocletian - the only emperor who retired voluntarily - it turns out that it was only his authority that protected the Tetrarchy from collapsing. - Diocletian spent the last years of his life in his huge palace, which was built near his hometown of Aspalatos (today's city of Split) in Dalmatia. According to legend, when some messengers came to him with a request to return to power again, he replied to them that “if they knew what vegetables he himself grew in his garden, they would never ask him to become the Emperor again”.
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  • Very good43%
  • Average18%
  • Poor2%
  • Terrible1%
Travellers talk about
“roman ruins” (13 reviews)
“metro station” (9 reviews)
ul.Budapeshta 2 | Arena di Serdica Residence Hotel, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria
+359 2 810 7901
Write a ReviewReviews (293)
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1 - 10 of 117 reviews

Reviewed 2 weeks ago

A real must-see in Sofia! It is centrally located, and lovely to walk around. The maps and information signs cater to several languages, and we learnt quite a lot about the old city.

Thank Kirstyonfood
Reviewed 2 weeks ago

Realy interesting place to visit.I've got impression that not lot tourists visit it,or even know about it.Excelently preserved roman ruins

Thank Mehmed O
Reviewed 3 weeks ago

There's a total lack of fanfare about this beautifully presented and restored walk through history. Elsewhere in Europe there would be enormous charges attached to seeing only a fraction of the artefacts on show. Well worth a visit.

Thank jaydub1975
Reviewed 3 weeks ago

Stumbled across this and was amazed at how much was preserved. This is also a site that locals come to take wedding photos. There is no cost involved.

Thank natasha t
Reviewed 4 weeks ago

Right in the heart of SOFIA and so well preserved. These ruins are still being discovered under much of the downtown portion of SOFIA. So much history and so well restored and preserved. Saved for many generations to come

Thank SanDiegoWayne
Reviewed 9 November 2017

Didn't expect anything like that to be found in Sofia. They preserved the place back in 2015 if I'm not mistaken. It became a really cool attraction.

Thank Elżbieta W
Reviewed 5 November 2017

It is hard to believe that it has only recently been discovered when excavations started before building a new department store and the metro. A lot of the ruins have been rebuilt using modern materials , but it is an interesting site to visit. It...More

Thank Julie A
Reviewed 3 November 2017

In the centre of Sofia at the point they call Serdica there is the main Metro station. Whilst developing the buildings around it these underground walls were discovered. The site is still being excavated but the walls exposed so far are the basements of 2000...More

2  Thank tony k
Reviewed 1 November 2017

Not something you get with your average underground station and definitely worth a quick walk around while you’re at Serdika.

Thank Phil G
Reviewed 29 October 2017

While building hotels and shopping centres they discovered these ruins, which are now partly left exposed and can be seen from many vantage points around the city centre. I think you can go exploring more fully but we just enjoyed seeing bits and pieces as...More

Thank Kathy T
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