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Memorial Complex Brest Hero-Fortress

Geroyev Oborony Brestskoi Kreposti St., 60, Brest 224018, Belarus
+375 162 20-03-65
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Belarus - Ukraine Small-Group Bus Tour
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The Brest Fortress (the Brest-Litovsk Fortress) was one of the fortresses built in 1830-40s to strengthen the western borders of the Russian Empire. It was commissioned on April 26, 1842 and was considered as one of the strongest European fortresses of that period. However it wasn't tested in real battles for a long time. During the World War I the garrison was evacuated according to the order of the High Command and the Fortress was used as a Headquarters of Kaiser's Germany Eastern Front. After October Socialist Revolution Russia became Soviet. On the territory of the Brest Fortress the Soviet government signed the Brest-Litovsk Peace Treaty with Germany and its allies (March 3, 1918), declaring the end of the WWI between them. After the Soviet-Polish war the Fortress ceded to Poland and was used as a military cantonment of the Polish Army. When the World War II erupted the Polish garrison was defending the Fortress from German aggressors for 3 days, but had to leave it. In September 1939 the Brest Fortress became Soviet. Two military divisions of the Red Army were stationed here. The Western Bug river flowing through the Fortress became a new borderline between Germany and the Soviet Union. On June 22, 1941 Germany invaded the USSR all along its borders. Units of Wehrmacht attacked the Fortress at 4.15 in the morning and surrounded it by 9 a.m. About 4.000 Soviet soldiers and commanders had to engage in battle with the enemy, having no opportunity to leave the besieged Fortress. The Fortress' Defence was the defence of its separate centres without Headquarters. Only in Citadel (the Central island) the defenders managed to create the united command on June 24, 1941. By the end of June most of the Fortress' territory was controlled by the Wehrmacht, though some defence sectors fought on till July, 12 (the Eastern Redoubt). The last known defender of the Brest Fortress Major P.Gavrilov was taken prisoner of war on July 23, 1941 - on the 32nd day of the war. But there were also other defenders. One of them used his bayonet to the rifle to write his last words on the brick wall of the barracks: "I'm dying, but I'm not surrendering. Farewell to the Motherland. 20/07/41".The Brest Fortress abundantly poured with the blood of its defenders became a sacred place for the people of the USSR. It became a symbol of courage, fortitude and military valor of a Soviet soldier. For the mass heroism shown during the defence, it was awarded the title of the Hero-Fortress (May 8, 1965). To commemorate the perished defenders it was decided to build a Memorial Complex. It was designed and constructed by the group of Soviet architects and sculptors with A.Kibalnikov at the head. The opening ceremony was held on September 25, 1971. The Memorial Complex "Brest Hero-Fortress" is a national shrine of the Republic of Belarus. More than 21 mln people from 120 countries around the world have already visited it. So driving through Brest be sure to see it!
  • Excellent86%
  • Very good10%
  • Average2%
  • Poor1%
  • Terrible1%
Travellers talk about
“eternal flame” (4 reviews)
“guided tour” (3 reviews)
Closed Now
Hours
Hours Today: 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Suggested Duration: 2-3 hours
LOCATION
Geroyev Oborony Brestskoi Kreposti St., 60, Brest 224018, Belarus
CONTACT
Website
+375 162 20-03-65
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"eternal flame"
in 4 reviews
"second world war"
in 3 reviews
"guided tour"
in 3 reviews
"bullet holes"
in 2 reviews
"soviet style"
in 2 reviews
"definitely worth the visit"
in 2 reviews
"red army"
in 2 reviews
"huge area"
in 2 reviews
"spend hours walking"
in 2 reviews
"entrance fee"
in 2 reviews
"soviet union"
in 2 reviews
"the great patriotic war"
in 2 reviews
"walk around"
in 2 reviews
"fortress"
in 30 reviews
"complex"
in 13 reviews
"wwii"
in 8 reviews
"statues"
in 7 reviews
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1 - 10 of 76 reviews

Reviewed 27 February 2018

Impressive memorial and monument. I like the fact that cadets and military student are the ones guarding the eternal flame, they are not perfect in the walk and postures and therefor they don't look like the military humans robots you can see sometime. Interesting museum...More

Thank Kormin
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC
Reviewed 6 January 2018 via mobile

I was suggested to visit it from friends. And did it at evening which is not very recommended as not all the places are 💡. But saw what I was looking - tanks. If you like it go for it. Other than that was not...More

Thank Paulius D
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC
Reviewed 26 December 2017

I visited the fortress the day after I had a bad experience with the border police. As the most western parts of the fortress are in the 'Border Zone' I would like to warn any other tourist to stay out of that! Or, if you...More

1  Thank IWNoordergraaf
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC
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Reviewed 7 November 2017

Мемориал производит сильное впечатление. Тем, кто не знаком с историей обороны крепости, рекомендуется экскурсия с гидом. Те, кто читал и хорошо помнит (!) книгу С. Смирнова про оборону крепости, могут повспоминать книгу. Хорошее напоминание об ужасах войны... The memorial makes strong impression. Those who are...More

1  Thank IvanGumenyuk
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC
Reviewed 20 October 2017

I was impressed of this memorial. You need a time if you want to calmly walk through it. I recommend you to go there until evening. There is a bad lighting here in the evening and night (or i was so "lucky") You should visit...More

Thank Alexander A
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC
Reviewed 4 October 2017

This war memorial was recommended by the chap who owned the apartment we were staying, and it is brilliant and indeed shows the respect they had for the fallen. The sheer size of the place is astonishing.

Thank Aled D
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC
Reviewed 2 September 2017 via mobile

It is clear why this is the number one tourist site in Belarus. The site certainly makes an impact and worth taking your time to walk around. The museums are worth a visit but so your reading ahead of time as there is little by...More

Thank nathayn
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC
Reviewed 31 August 2017 via mobile

The place where second world war started for Soviet Union. It is must see place for everyone at least once per life, especially for kids and teenagers.

Thank Karina K
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC
Reviewed 20 August 2017 via mobile

We liked the place for a stroll. As we read some information ahead of the visit, we knew the basic story. I hoped to learn more about it during the visit, but there is very little information in English about the the tragic happenings here....More

Thank dirkaarts
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC
Reviewed 20 August 2017

The old fortress is a memorial of the hardship and the bravery of the Belarus people during the Great Patriotic War or Second World War as called in the west. Belarus suffered greatly during the war. More than 30% or 2,5 million died during the...More

2  Thank Dag W
This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC
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