This is a popular and historic tourist attraction in London. The column, designed by Sir Christopher Wren and Dr Robert Hooke, was built to commemorate the Great Fire of 1666 and stands on the small cobbled piazza between Fish Street Hill and Monument Street, and very close to Pudding Lane which is widely known as the location of Thomas Farriner's bakery, where the Great Fire of London started in 1666. It was built between 1671 and 1677 not online to commemorate the devastating fire but to celebrate the rebuilding of the City. It’s been attracting visitors since it opened in 1677.
It comprises a circular Doric column built of Portland stone, and is topped by a gilded urn to represent fire. The Monument is 202 feet tall, apparently the same distance from the spot where the Great Fire is said to have started.
It’s certainly worth a visit, especially for the views from the observation deck at the top, as there are some great 360 degree views across London.
Here’s some practicalities to keep in mind when planning your visit:
1. The Monument is usually only open on weekends, and during school holiday periods. On the days that it is open, it is closed between 13:00 and 14:00.
2. There are 311 steps up a spiral staircase to the observation deck at the top. It’s quite narrow, but not an arduous climb by any means.
3. There is no lift, hence no access to those using mechanical mobility assistance.
4. There is a bag search before you start the climb. Large bags and cases are not permitted.
5. The observation deck at the top is completely fenced; the wire fencing may hinder your photography.
6. An adult ticket costs £5.80; a ticket for a senior with ID is £4.40. You’re given a certificate after your visit. Tickets can be bought at the entrance, though visitors on the deck are limited to maintain safety, so you may have to wait a bit for your turn to climb the stairs.
7. It’s easily reached by public transport. It is right beside Monument Station for the Circle and District lines, and a short walk across London Bridge from London Bridge mainline station..
Enjoy your visit; it should be included on the itinerary of all visitors to London.