This is the biggest and most important square in the whole country and has had many names along the centuries ... "Plaza Mayor, Plaza Central, Plaza de Armas, Plaza de los Lamentos, Parque Central" and, lately, "Plaza Mayor de la Constitución"! Right after the major earthquakes of 1773, known as the "Terremotos de Santa María", which destroyed the city of "Santiago de los Caballeros" (the actual "Antigua"), the Spanish authorities decided to build a new city - "Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción" (the actual "Ciudad de Guatemala") - replacing the former capital. As traditional in the colonial years, a central square was mandatory in all towns. So, "Plaza Mayor de la Constitución" dates from 1776 and its central fountain, known as "Fuente de Carlos III", was erected in 1779. The square, located in Ciudad de Guatemala's Zone 1, is the very heart of the historical district. It is sided by important buildings and parks, such as the "Palacio Nacional de la Cultura" (the former presidential palace), the "Catedral Metropolitana", the "Biblioteca Nacional de Guatemala", the "Portal del Comércio" and the "Parque Centenário". After the 1976 earthquakes, "Plaza Mayor de la Constitución" was completely renovated, with the construction of an underground parking area. Nevertheless, after the conversion of the presidential palace into a museum, the square has lost much of its past glory and political importance, but it is still an outstanding tourist attraction and should be visited! Enjoy!